Madhya Pradesh is rich in natural water resources, except few regions.

In the state is the origin of river Narmada, Sone, Tapti, Pench, Bainganga and Mahi. These rivers, flowing in all directions, start off from non-glaciers and are rain-fed. Mahi and Tapti blow towards the west, Sone to the east, Narmada in the center and Bainganga to the south.

The average ground water flow of the state is across 81.5 lakh hectare meter, of which 56.8 lakh hectare meter, around 75%, is used by Madhya Pradesh, and remaining is allotted to neighbouring states under various international agreements.

The maximum irrigation capacity of the state is estimated to be around 112.90 lakh hectare meter, of which 60.9 lakh hectare is irrigated by flowing water and 52 lakh hectare by ground water. Wells and natural water resources are principal sources of irrigation in Madhya Pradesh, followed by government canal system

As far as other sources of water are concerned, the state has 865 large dams. Of them, 3 dams namely, Gandhi Sagar, Tawa, Rani Awanti Bai Sagar are National Importance dam having storage more than 1 cubic kilo metre (1000 million cubic metre).

The State Importance large dams have command area more than 2000 ha and storage more than 15 million cubic metres. As many as 32 dams have capacity more than 60 million cubic metres. A total of114 large dam has been constructed before the year 1960. Around 24 dams are with gated spillway.

Drinking Water

Sources: Kolar Dam and Upper Lake
Capacity: 34MGD, 60 MGD

Projects: Kolar Project and Narmada Avardhan Pariyojana financed by ADB
Around 15-20% populace do not piped water supply and depend on bore-wells, dug-wells and tankers.

Sources: Narmada and Yashwant Sagar Lake
Capacity: 5 MGD (Million Gallon Daily) of Yashwant Sagar in peak season
Installed Capacity 180 MLD (Million Liter Daily) of Narmada, around 40 MLD water lost in transportation and distribution
Projects: Capacity of Narmada to be enhanced to 540 MLD by June 2009
Jawahar Lal Nehru Project for Yashwant Sagar Lake
Around 20-25% populace have no piped water supply and depend on bore-wells, dug-wells and tankers.

Source: Tigra Dam, Moti Lake
Capacity: Tigra dam has capacity of 4310 MCFt (Million Cubic Feet). However, dam currently has only 600 MCFt water
Around 90% populace of the town has piped water supply while 10% depend on tube wells, wells, tankers etc.



Bansagar or Ban Sagar  is a multipurpose river valley project on Sone River situated in Ganga Basin in Madhya Pradesh. The Bansagar Dam across Sone River is being constructed at village Deolond in Shahdol district on Rewa – Shahdol road, at a distance of 51.4 km from Rewa. Bansagar Dam is located at Latitude 24-11-30 N and Longitude 81-17-15 E.

Dam Specifics:
Impounds: Sone River
Locale: Deolond, Shahdol District,Madhya Pradesh
Maintained by: Water Resources Department, Madhya Pradesh
Catchment area: 18648 square km
Dam height: 67 m
Dam length: 1020 m
Dam type: Masonry/Earthen
Spillway capacity: 47742 m³/s
Live storage: 5410 hm
Submergence area: 587.54 square km
Population affected: 250000 persons (54686 families)
Villages submerged: 336
Year of start: 1978
Year of completion: 2006

Project Benefits:
Irrigation and power generation: it provides irrigation to 2467 hm in the state and generates 425 MW power.


Bargi Dam is one of the first completed Dams out of the chain of 30 major dams to be constructed on Narmada River in the state. The Central Water and Power Commission formulated the proposal of its construction in 1968, targetting irrigation in 2,980 square kilometres and hydropower generation capacity of 105 MW.

Dam Specifics:
Impounds: Narmada River
Locale: Bargi, Jabalpur District, Madhya Pradesh
Maintained by: Water Resources Department, Madhya Pradesh
Length: 5357 m
Height: 69.80 m
Year of Start: 1975
Year of Completion: 1988
Geographical Data: Coordinates 22°56’30”N, 79°55’30”E

Gandhi Sagar Dam

The Gandhi Sagar dam is built on the Chambal River and is the first of the four dams constructed on the river. It is located in the Mandsaur district of Madhya Pradesh. The hydro-power station comprises five generating units of 23 MW capacity each. The water released after power generation is utilised for irrigation through Kota Barrage.

Dam Specifics:
Impounds: Chambal River
Locale: Gandhi Nagar, Mandsaur District,Madhya Pradesh
Maintained by: Water Resources Department, Madhya Pradesh
Length 513 m
Height 62.20 m
Catchment Area: 22,584 square km
Live Storage Capacity: 6,920 Mm³
Dam Type: High Masonry Gravity Dam
Year of Start: 1954
Year of Completion: 1970

Indira Sagar Project

Indira Sagar Project (ISP) is a multipurpose key Project of Madhya Pradesh on the Narmada River at Narmadanagar in Khandwa district. The down stream projects of ISP are Omkareshwar, Maheshwar and Sardar Sarovar Project. The project will enable irrigation in 1,230 square km of land in Khandwa and Khargone districts.

The project aims at power generation of 1000 MW installed capacity (8×125). The reservoir of 7.90 MAF live storage capacity will be created.

Dam Specifics:
Impounds: Narmada River
Locale: Narmadanagar, Khandwa District,Madhya Pradesh
Maintained by: Narmada Valley Development Authority, Madhya Pradesh
Length: 653 m
Height: 92 m
Dam Type: Concrete Gravity Dam
Year of Start: 23 October 1984


Rajghat, an inter-state Dam project of the Government of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh, is being constructed on Betwa River. The dam will be flanked by an earthen dam having maximum height of 29.5 m and a total length of 10.79 km. The project aims at providing irrigation to1,210 square km in Madhya Pradesh and 1,380 square km in Uttar Pradesh. The installed capacity of the power house is 45 MW (3 x 15 MW). The costs and benefits of the project are to be shared by these two States equally.

Dam Specifics:
Impounds: Betwa River
Locale: Ashok Nagar District,Madhya Pradesh & Lalitpur, Uttar Pradesh
Maintained by: Water Resources Department, Madhya Pradesh
Length: 11200 m
Height: 43.8 m
Dam Type: Long Masonry Dam
Year of Start: 1975
Opening date: 2006
Geographical Data
Coordinates 24°45’45”N, 78°45’00”E

Tawa Reservoir:

Tawa Reservoir is a large reservoir on the Tawa River located in Hoshangabad district. The reservoir was formed by the construction of the Tawa Dam. Tawa Reservoir forms the western boundary of Satpura National Park and Bori Wildlife Sanctuary.

Dam Specifics:
Impounds: Tawa River
Locale: Hoshangabad District,Madhya Pradesh
Maintained by: Water Resources Department, Madhya Pradesh
Length: 1,815 m
Height: 57.91 m
Catchment area: 5982.9 square km
Year of Start: 1956
Opening date: 1998
Geographical Data
Coordinates 22°33’40”N, 77°58’30”E

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