Bhimbetka is surrounded by the northern fringe of the Vindhya mountain range, located some 46km from Bhopal. The town is also known as Bhima’s lounge (Bhima was the second of the five Pandava princes),
A pre-historic site, its colossal rock formation is believed to have provided ample cover to the ancient tribes dwelling here. Of late, about 760 rock shelters of the Neolithic age (circa 8,000 b.c.) were discovered here. These shelters are decorated with picture writings, depicting the life and times of pre-historic cave dwellers. Some of the drawings in white are reminiscent of the cave paintings in Pachmarhi, making the Bhimbetka group an archaeological precious account in the history of man.
Most of the paintings here are in red and white with occasional dashes of yellow and green. These paintings derive their themes from events in everyday life, thousands of years ago. The scenes depicted are mainly of dancing, playing music, hunting, horse riding, elephant riding, decorating bodies, collecting honey. Household scenes show up in these paintings, too. Animals such as tiger, lion, wild boar, bison, elephant, dog and crocodile – species that pre-historic man must have encountered have also been portrayed.
The walls of these shelters are decked with religious symbols popular with these pre-historic artists. The paintings are often superimposed, revealing that the surface was used by different people at different times. Some of the work is estimated to be as old as 30,000 years, while the more recent pictures can be traced back to the medieval period.
Paintings have drawings that relate to different age and era. Rhinos, wild buffaloes, bisons and mammoths shown in the cave paintings of Bhimbetka belonged to the Palaeolithic age. Some of the paintings also depict mythical creatures and events.
Hunting scenes of the paintings were a popular motif with the Mesolithic rock painters.
One also finds paintings done on Chaleolithic pottery here. Painted mainly in red, white and yellow, the figures of riders, religious symbols, tunic-like dresses and scripts of this group follow a decorative and schematic style belong to early historic period. The drawings of human figures in green colour and occasionally of pale yellow, dark purple and shades of red pertain to medieval period.
Nearest city Bhopal is just 46 kilometers from here. By air Bhopal is well connected with Mumbai, Delhi, Jabalpur and Indore. The most convenient rail-head are Delhi-Chennai and Delhi-Mumbai mainline. Bhimbetka is connected with Bhopal by bus. One can also opt for taxi.