Bhopal is the capital of Madhya Pradesh and has a scenic beauty, historicity and modern urban planning. It is situated on the site of old city Bhojapal, which founded by Raja Bho on 17th century .Bhopal today presents a multi-faceted profile; the old city still bear the aristocratic imprint of its former rulers; among them the succession of powerful Begums who ruled Bhopal from 1819 to 1926. Equally impressive is the new city with its verdant, exquisitely laid out parks and gardens, broad avenues and streamlined modern edifices.
Facts about the City
The founder of the existing city Dost Mohammad (1708-1740), who is a Afghan Soldier. Dost Mohammad Flees from Delhi after Aurangzeb’s death, He met the Gond queen Kamlapati, who sought his aid after the murder of her consort.
Places in Bhopal
- Taj-ul-Masjid: Taj-ul-Masjid is one of the largest mosques in Asia, built by Nawab Shahjehan Begum around a courtyard with a large tank in the centre and with an imposing double storeyed gate-way. The structure is enlivened by the limpid expanse of water in the tank outside the northern wall. The monumentality of this structure was much greater originally when it faced the towering bastions of the Fatehgarh Fort. A three-day Ijtima congregation held here annually draws people from all over the country.
- Bharat Bhawan: Bharat Bhavan is a unique institution for performing and visual arts. This complex is so designed that its shape is in superb accord with the surrounding landscape and it offers a visual impact of spaciousness.
- Birla Museum:BirlaMuseum is a genuine endeavor to put on display the rich and varied culture of Madhya Pradesh. One of its kinds,Birla Museum occupies a significant place among the monuments and museums in Bhopal.
- Moti Masjid: Moti Masjid, a lovely shrine in Bhopal is a significant landmark in the history of muslim women in India.. The architectural design of the Moti Masjid has a close similitude to the famous Jama Masjid in Delhi.
- Van Vihar National Park: The Van Vihar National Park is situated in the heart of Bhopal city. The Park spread over a vast area of 445 hectors of land on a majestic hillock. this national park house a variety of herbivorous and carnivorous species in their natural habitat.
- Upper Lake: Upper Lake is the oldest man-made lake in India. Locally called as Bada Talab, it is a massive earthen bund constructed across theKolansRiver. Legend says that King Bhoj constructed this gigantic lake, which is believed to have cured his skin disease.
- Gohar Mahal:Gohar Mahal is one of the beautiful palaces in Bhopal. It is situated in the banks of the magnificient Upper Lake. It is built by Gohar begum, who was the first woman ruler of Bhopal. Constructed in the year 1820, Gohar Mahal is an architectural marvel, which presents a perfect blend of Hindu and Mughal Architecture.Near by Places to visit
- Sanchi: The Sanchi hill goes up in shelves with Stupa 2 situated on a lower shelf, Stupa 1, Stupa 3, the 5th century Gupta Temple No.17 and the 7th centurytempleNo. 18 are on the intermediate shelf and a later monastery is on the crowning shelf. The balustrade surrounding Stupa 2, carved with aniconic representations of the Buddha, was added in the late 2nd century BC under the Satavahanas.
Must see places: Great Stupa No. 1, The Eastern Gateway, The Western Gateway, The Northern Gateway, The Southern Gateway, The Ashoka Pillar, The Buddhist Vihara, The Gupta Temple, The Museum.
- Maheshwar: Maheshwar was a glorious city at the dawn of Indian civilization when it was Mahishmati, capital of king Kartivarjun. This temple town on the banks of the river Narmada finds mention in the epics of Ramayana and Mahabharata.
Must see places : Rajgaddi and RajwadaTemples. Many-tiered temples of Maheshwar are distinguished by their carved overhanging balconies and their intricately worked doorways. Kaleshwar, Rajarajeshwara, Vithaleshwara and Ahileshwar are the temples to be seen.
Khajuraho: One thousand years ago, under the generous and artistic patronage of the Chandela Rajput kings of Central India, 85 temples, magnificent in form and richly carved, came up on one site, near the village of Khajuraho.
Mandu: Mandu is a celebration in stone, of life and joy, A tribute to the love shared between the poet-prince Baz Bahadur and his beautiful consort, Rani Roopmati. The balladeers of Malwa still sing of their euphoric romance.
Must see places : The Darwazas, Jahaz Mahal, Hindola Mahal, Hoshang Shah’s Tomb:, Jami Masjid, Rewa Kund Group, Baz Bahadur’s Palace, Roopmati’s Pavilion, Nilkanth Pavilion.
Gwalior: Gwalior’s tradition as a royal capital continued until the formation of present day India, with the Scindias having their dynastic seat here. The magnificent mementoes of a glorious past have been preserved with care, giving Gwalior an appeal unique and timeless.
Must see places : Gwalior fort, Teli ka Mandir, Jai Vilas Palace, Monuments, Art Galleries and Museums., Gwalior Zoo.
Bhimbetka : Executed mainly in red and white with the occasional use of green and yellow, with themes taken from the every day events of aeons ago, the scenes usually depict hunting, dancing, music, horse and elephant riders, animals fighting, honey collection, decoration of bodies, disguises, masking and household scenes. The superimposition of paintings shows that the same canvas was used by different people at different times. The drawings and paintings can be classified under seven different periods.
Ujjain: The early history of Ujjain is lost in the midst of antiquity. By the 6th century B.C. Avanti with its capital at Ujjaini, is mentioned in Buddhist literature as one of the four great powers along with Vatsa, Kosala and Magadha.
Must see places : Mahakaleshwar Temple, Bade Ganeshji Ka Mandir, Chintaman Ganesh, Pir Matsyendranath, Bhartrihari Caves, Kaliadeh Palace, Durgadas Ki Chhatri, Harsiddhi Temple, Siddhavat, Kal Bhairava, Sandipani Ashram, Gadkalika, Mangalnath, Gopal Mandir, Navagraha Mandir (Triveni), The Vedha Shala (Observatory), Vikram Kirti Mandir, Kalidasa Academy, Ram Janardhan Temple, Ram Ghat, Harihara Teertha, Mallikarjuna Teertha, Ganga Ghat, Bohron Ka Roja, Begum Ka Maqbara, Bina Neev Ki Masjid, Maulana Rumi Ka Maqbara, and Digambara Jain Museum are some of the other prominent places of interest in Ujjain.
Omkareshwar: Omkareshwar in Khadwa district of Madhya Pradesh, shaped like the holiest of all Hindu symbols, ‘Om’, has drawn to it hundreds of generations of pilgrims. According to a legend, when Narad, the great seer, paid a visit to the deity of the Vindhya mountains, he was angry to find that there was no dwelling here suitable for Lord Shiva.
Must see places: Shri Omkar Mandhata, Siddhanath Temple, Satmatrika Temple, Kajal Rani Cave:
Pachmarhi: Pachmarhi is one of the most beautiful place of Madhya Pradesh’s. It is situated on the hills of Satpura ranges. Bridle paths lead into placid forest groves of wild bamboo, jamun, dense sal forests and delicate bamboo thickets.
Must see places : Priyadarshini (Forsyth Point), Jamuna Prapat, Apsara Vihar (Fairy Pool), Rajat Prapat (Big Fall), Irene Pool, Jalawataran (Duchess Falls). Sunder Kund (Saunder’s Pool), Mahadeo, Chhota Mahadeo, Chauragarh, Jata Shankar, Dhoopgarh, Pandav Caves, Tridhara (Piccadily Circus), Vanshree Vihar (Pansy Pool), Reechhgarh, Sangam (Fuller’s Khud – Waters Meet), Catholic Church, Christ Church, Satpura National Park, Bison Lodge, The Cave Shelters
Orchha: Orchha was founded in the 16th century by the Bundela Rajput chieftain, Rudra Pratap. The most notable was Raja Bir Singh Ju Deo who built the exquisite Jehangir Mahal, a tiered palace crowned by graceful chhatris. From here the view of soaring temple spires and cenotaphs is spectacular.
Must see places: Orchha’s fort complex, Jehangir Mahal, Raj Mahal, Rai Parveen Mahal, Chaturbhuj Temple, Laxminarayan Templ, Phool Bagh, Sunder Mahal, Chhatris (Cenotaphs) , Shahid Smarak, Ram Raja Temple, Sound and Light Show.
Indore : Indore is the largest city in Madhya Pradesh. It is one of the fastest-growing economic regions in India. Its proximity to the Gujarat – Mumbai grid is a major factor behind its huge economic potential.
Must see places: Central Museum, Gomatgiri, Kanch Mandir, Khajrana, Town Hall , Bada Ganpati, Lal Bagh Palace Gita Bhavan, Chhatris, Annapurna, Kasturbagra, Bijasen Tekri.
- Kanha National Park: Kanha National Park was the inspiration behind Rudyard Kipling’s unforgettable classic Jungle Book. The romance of the Kanha National Park has not reduced over time-it is still as beautiful.
- Bandhavgarh National Park: Bandhavgarh National Park is spread at vindhya hills. Bandhavgarh consists of a core area of 105 sq km and a buffer area of approximately 400 sq km of topography varies between steep ridges, undulating, forest and open meadows.
- Pench National park: Pench National park is named after Pench river. It is located on the southern boundary of state, bordering Maharashtra. It is comprising of 758 SQ Kms, out of which a core area of 299 sq km is the national park and and remaining 464 sq km is the buffer area.